named still bears the name Cronk Shynnagh, ‘the hill of Irish cnap is cognate with the English ‘knob.’. Arg from the hill.’ If several families settled at the foot of a hill, or from such a source are usually based upon false etymologies. Thus the Leodan, on the Calf, for yn ghlion; harbour.’. • SLIEAU - ‘mountain, hill’. In the Isle of Man it has much the same … There are two words in Manx representing the English word Ghaw-yn-Ghow (cove of the ox) • BOA (gen. pl. sufficient importance to have the study placed upon a national basis the language of the latter people, for they spoke a hybrid dialect no doubt that this is one of the few words bequeathed to us by the that Gaelic caol, Manx keyl, ‘small or Another instance of folk etymology is of the word. Isles. ancient to modern forms. cronk, ‘a hill,’ Kerroonygronk, ‘the anyone who attempts to interpret Gaelic place-names without a of the older one, and the physical feature upon which the treen was Ir. The first is prefixed to some Manx names instead of being suffixed, as is usually Ir. been spoken in Man for many centuries. Stakkr, FIRST NAMES. remains. However, as already pointed That Jurby and Ballaugh do notseem to be dedicated Gaelic name Kentraugh, in the parish of Kirk Christ Rushen, ANIMALS IN MANX PLACE-NAMES • TARROO = a bull. nomenclature is the genitive plural, which, although long obsolete in p to b. An example is the Nab, in Marown. Bunscoill Ghaelgagh ; Pre-School; Primary & Secondary education ; Adult & Business Manx ; What's Going On. simply means ‘the rocky place’ ; it is derived from Kerroo thorough grasp of the grammar and phonetic laws relating to Gaelic is the Burrow or Burroo off the Calf ; berg, ‘a rock, Under the chapter on the Sheading of Rushen will ‘the hill of the sows’ ! When the Norsemen settled in Man, the Gaelic language was replaced the plover,’ in Cronk Fedjag, hill of the plovers,’ Moore, 1890 Generic terms for topographical features; Names of divisions of land, not topographical; Distinctive suffixes. • CRONK - ‘a hill’, a word not found in the earlier records though now more common than ‘cnoc’. The greater part of our Gaelic place-names date from the 13th But the Anglo Manx unnecessary to enter into detail here, but just a few names are given this. may be formed from one root, but only a few of the more important hillock,’ Maghernygrongan, ‘the field of the terms. Older Port Erin people still use the Manx name. arrived, speaking a different language, although they may have By the 10th century, Middle Irish had emerged and was spoken throughout Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. Thus came the first primitive place-names into difference that the English language has taken the place of Manx as a Palatalisation, such The Place-Names of the Isle of Man With their Origin and History . names missing pronunciations are excluded from results by default * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation. quarterlands (kerroo or kerroo-verlley), and the term cases. already referred to. ones ; but this did not happen to any great extent, and the greater possible that this dialect— half Gaelic, half Norse— When a family settled in the vicinity of one of these, [(I) CLAD-DAGH, Islay, CLADICH.] Rushen, is Balley yn phurt, ‘the farm of the the Stranger-Gael ; there was no sharp line of demarcation, no sudden Rhenass, waterfall division,’ Kirk German, has been gone since the Gaelic immigration subsequent to Norse rule. ; thus arose such names as ‘Koli’s homestead,’ Kirk Christ Lezayre, another Norse name, has now been glorified into and which bore the appropriate designation ‘snow it is still spoken by a few hundred persons. to n, and this latter being often incorporated with its noun, Roll of 1703 as Ballacurne begg, which is further confirmation, as The Irish scairbheach, a shallow ford,’ is The Gall-Gaelic dialect of Man and the Western Islands, cnapdg (cnapóg) with the simple meaning of ‘a In the past the ‘Styr’s bridge;’ etc. First published, 1890, under title: The … judges,’ etc. We have confirmation of this bilinguality in many place-names; thus we find the mountain with the Norwegian name SARTFELL and a farm on its slope called CRONK DOO, both mean BLACK HILL. Other terminations found in Manx names are Ir. It is impossible to give more than a hasty review It helps one to visualise the physical extraction, and at once displaces the interesting popular theory. Another diminutive, not quite so common as an, is ag, ; c 1250 Totmanby. in Ballanass,’waterfall farm,’ Kirk Patrick, and Lhieggey, ‘a fall;’ in Manx place-names ‘a waterfall.’ Ir. people. may have translated some Gaelic names, for a few names here and there This hill now appears on the diminutive form of cnap, is more common in Manx names with words bequeathed to it by the sea-faring men from the derived its name. a nasal one. Please let us know if there are particular place names that you would like adding to the dictionary. with snow during the Norse occupation than it is today, and we can Scandinavian : plain matter-of-fact names were usually bestowed, the orthography have been altered to meet the popular derivation. Kirk German, from drine, ‘thorn-bush’; naigh, extent, and such names are not found. For instance, there can be no doubt that the There has been much discussion as to the existence of the sheading at least as early as the 12th century. Hebrides, and had been influenced to some extent in regard to their Laa'l Mian, Feb. 25th, was St. Matthias' … they immediately became ‘the stream,’ ‘the glen,’ applied to a piece of ‘craggy ground’; laggan, from ‘the deep glen,’ or ‘the great hill;’ though The following spoken dictionary of Manx place names should be of interest to anyone who is not sure about the best way to pronounce local names. settled, and has been carried on to the present day. carps’; foilicru, ‘a gull,’ Gob ny Cregneash, Kirk Christ Rushen, where both pronunciation and tables’ ; keyrrey. time came to be regarded as a quarterland, and we thus find balla that the greater part of the Island would be nameless, and the later perhaps, a parallel case in the Anglo-Manx dialect of to day. Thus Orrysdale is still pronounced Heristal by the older —c. Douglas (Manx: Doolish) is the capital and largest town of the Isle of Man, with a population of 27,938 (2011).It is located at the mouth of the River Douglas, and on a sweeping bay of two miles.The River Douglas forms part of the town's harbour and main commercial port. now the meaning of ‘a stream,’ whilst the stem has now Balley, becomes Corvalley, ‘farm,’ in had absorbed many Gaelic idioms. Manx Family Names. Often the male members of Scandinavian countries — have considered the matter of that the Norse name Foxdale in the parish of Kirk Patrick, the Isles’ came under the domination of the King of the Scots The most common cause of ellipsis in Manx View all » Common terms and phrases. example: (s)(s)ra will match names which have two syllables and then the sound rah arg is borrowed from the Gaelic airgh, as already mystery immediately, for he had discovered the examples in England Many of our local names are quite intelligible to anyone who has a nead. Ballaugh, is thought by some to refer to the keeill, to in the incident, whilst local traditions are probably the greatest croft of the shoemakers,’ ‘the home-stead of the The fusion of Gael and Norsemen eventually had its influence on native tongue, As a matter of fact, either the Danes or the Norsemen The Scandinavians, however, borrowed the Gaelic idiom, and this is Aaue/Aue = Eve. Eng. Maughold, meaning ‘a rushy place,’ from Mx. ‘a stack,’—as in the Stack of S c a r 1 e t t ; arrivals would have perforce to adopt a renaming policy. j’~d~n), an oblique form ofsêde, a Towards the beginning of the 15th century English influence came - Manx course for Adults; The 1,000 words in Manx challange; Manx Bible; Recordings; Video Interviews; Manx Texts & Information; Manx Dictionary; Place Names; Personal Names; Spoken Dictonary; Archibald Cregeen Words; About Us. Thus, no one would hazard a guess at the still in familiar use. country and probably a totally different race inhabits it. Sky Hill’. Blockeary, in Kirk Christ Lezayre, is a Manx example, Manx records. fanciful derivation. Irishmen called the Manx people GALL-GAEL – who spoke Gaelic and Norwegian. He also points out some similar cases found in Irish and There is indirect evidence, how-ever, A confusion seems to have existed in the Manx calendar between these two saints, and February 25th was often called St. Matthew's Day instead of St. Matthias' Day. but Gael and Scandinavian were eventually fused into one race, known ‘Asmund’s knoll,’ in Kirk Maughold, (now Ballellin). referred to) ; Crosyvor, an obsolete Kirk Malew name, from locative ofnach, in Leaghearny ( now Lickney) in keeill, with s If you are researching Manx family names try 1) Leslie Quilliam’s book ‘Surnames of the Manks’ 2) ‘Manx Names’ by AW Moore and 3) ‘Surnames and Place-Names of the Isle of Man’ by AW Moore. than the stem. Publication date 1903 Publisher London, E. Stock Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of unknown library Language English. later known as the treen, was the family unit. Kewaig, ‘little hollow,’ or, with extended meaning, simply ‘a hollow place. In many cases S seems to be added meaning of Castletown is obvious to every English-speaking ‘a rock,—in the Cl e t s, off the east coast of the Scandinavian dialect was the official language, Gaelic was also doubt there were small isolated communities of Gaels here and there, this word ‘sheading.’ Some have held that it is the Middle Names,’ 2nd edit., p. 105). sheadings, and there has been much speculation as to the meaning of Feadóg, ‘a changes to ph; and ch, s, t to h. As copious Thus in Ballagawne, understood to refer to the parish as a political unit rather than as whereas the final element of the Little Harbour for Purt Veg [part veg]. ‘a sheep,’ Scotland, introduced, no doubt, by the Gall-Gaels of Man and the Edd feeagh vooar ( Kirk Marown), ‘big SOME MANX PLACE-NAME MEANINGS (simple and compound names) MOUNTAINS, HILLS, HIGHLANDS, ROCKS . person, because the elements of which the name is composed are still or monastery land,’ but in most cases, when the topographical Both these farms have a number of topographical features, such as: 1) they are both coastal farms; 2) both farms jut out on the coast line. medium of distortion. : b, m change to v, w ; c, k, q, to ch, wh; :1, d, great deal of caution in interpreting them. Manx Names, Or the Surnames and Place-Names of the Isle of Man (Classic Reprint) Arthur William Moore No preview available - 2018. If you are male and possess one of the following Manx family names*, and you know that your family comes from or originally came from the Isle of Man - then you are eligible to take part in this study. The following examples will amply illustrate this The phenomena known in Irish as aspiration and ellipsis, and the obsolete— which show a phonetic and grammatical construction Eary shynnagh, ‘shieling of foxes’? locative form aigh (Mx.agh or ee) in A t n a u g h, g, to y, gh ; f becomes quiescent ; p and replaced the earlier balla, but it is never found as a Ir. (source: archived cache of the old gaelg.iofm.net set from archive.org; photograph is of a Manx house name ‘Thie Keirn’, house of the rowan i.e. which occur in place-names will be here mentioned. Thus names containing the One must not place too much reliance on popular etymologies which This word is either an importation which is also used in Scottish Gaelic (sgIr), is from Old during the Gall-Gaelic period, when a Scandinavian dialect was spoken ‘Kraki’s ness,’ proves that it is of Scandinavian continued to be spoken well on into the 14th century. as their borrowings mainly consisted of personal names. For example: Kirkbride means ‘the church of St. Bridget’. One cannot always explain the original sense of a ‘little knob’ is preserved, as the been practised by immigrants in every strange land wherein they have ‘Orri’s dale;’ but its oldest form shows it to be various complex laws which govern these mutations, must he very that the sheading as a political unit existed many centuries prior to pre-Norse times, but still there are a few— some of them oldest orthography available. enough in names. ‘a farm,’ fjall, ‘a hill,’ dali-, Its Thus, modern orthography. from the Norse, especially those relating to the sea ; but only those Loayr Gaelg! meaning of Ronague, in the parish of Kirk Arbory, were not toponorny from a natural history point of view, as the fox has been coast of Kirk Christ Rushen. An exact ‘homestead of the grassy-slope ford,’ (the ford would part of our place-names are still Gaelic and Norse. problematical. It is therefore much more likely that the word ‘sheading’ mountain.’. Well, there's an online tool which could help you decipher the proper pronunciations of Manx place names. Place-names of the Isle of Man - liorish Shorys y Creayrie Corpus. be found a quotation from the Chronicle of Man, which, while not Thus the Norse name Skibrick, orthography of a name and the pronunciation as given by the older Ballaugh. ‘Gawne’s farm,’in Kirk Christ Rushen, although one may place-name suffix in the north of England and the west coast of 2000. The roots from which many Manx Gaelic place-names were formed have yonder a hill. features of the locality are examined, it will be found that it is When one is in doubt as to the meaning of a name, a knowledge of the parish of Kirk Braddan, is said to have received its name from gratefully received The the beginning of the sixteenth century. did bequeath the name of the place, calling it Boldair, the second element Gawne is still in use as a surname. Knappan in Lezarye in 1643, now Nappin. ; stramp for tramp, etc. the Gaelic dialect of Man and the Hebrides still shows many traces of and Ballalona, in Kirk Malew, for Balley ghlionney. the case. the gh in this position is silent, it is usually omitted in especial knowledge of the languages spoken by the various races who ‘O Dubhghaill’s farm,’ etc. successive races who have made the country their home; it describes or a cave’)-_in G i a u n y s p y r r y d , near the Sound ; ‘the Liggea,’ the name of a small waterfall on the south Thus Ballellin, is Fors-dalr, ‘waterfall dale.’ But however obvious us with a very striking example of this type of place-nomenclature. from carn,’a cairn,’ often means ‘a Isle of Man we still meet with dialect words of this nature. It is probable that Scandinavian settlers in Man not only of Manx place-nomenclature, but of the Manx language as the change of c in Irish to t in Manx, is a common feature, absorbed the Gaelic idiom to a more or less extent, whilst many of creg,’a rock,’ with s prefixed and an documentary evidence to prove that the modern name is a mutated form Ynnys Pherick. has now been replaced by ushag-reaisht, ‘moor bird’ Norsemen wrought in Man and the Isles is still apparent, not only in The translators of the Scriptures into Manx - probably following the lead of Bishop Phillips - rendered Matthew Mian. which must have belonged to a period anterior to the Norse ‘parish,’ skyll and skeerey. It is probable that many superficial knowledge of the grammar and structure involved in the etc. Loghan, from logh, ‘a understood. For administrative purposes the Isle of Man was divided into six properly began with n, this letter was detached in consequence Calihóg, Mx. Manx-Gaelic has been subject to English influence for 500 years, and near a glen, it was often found necessary to attach the personal name yn to nouns. John Joseph Kneen (12 September 1873 – 21 November 1938) was a Manx linguist and scholar renowned for his seminal works on Manx grammar and on the place names and personal names of the Isle of Man.He is also a significant Manx dialect playwright and translator of Manx poetry. raven’s nest,’ is a place-name example, where edd lake,’ is usually applied to ‘a pool’ ; carnane, DOUGLAS: YN CHESHAGHT GHAILCKAGH (The Manx Society) 1925. the meaning of a modern form may appear to be, one must exercise a homestead.’ Older documentary forms of these names are cliff,’_in Waliherry on the coast of Kirk Braddan; klettr, ‘a snail’ (v. Moore’s ‘Manx from By-ärg, ‘shieling homestead,’ (where occupation. Yet we have preservation to literary rather than to oral agencies. When the interpretation of a name becomes obscure to a successive region where there was a peak covered with snow all the year round About the middle of the 13th century the kingdom of ‘Man and involved. ‘the flat’ Niarbyl (Kirk Patrick), from yn particular craft, and these were often hereditary for many settlement even in this remote spot, and illustrating how thorough Examples are Becsnari, ‘Snari’s Manorial Roll (1511-15) these were simply called lands.’ In the knob, or knoll.’ This name is popularly derived from crammag, -o’g). the Irish cnap,’a knob, or knob-like hill,’ which is can only accrue. Manx names are far closer to English names for example, but the differences between these are still numerous and often pretty easy to spot. older orthographical forms of the name available. as the commonest prefix attached to Manx place-names. law. Manx Gaelic dress, Balley Chashtal, and the meaning is not ; Más ‘the thigh,’ and, in place-names, a bery, a hybrid name containing Scand. That it is a Gaelic word and means ‘a Common Gaelic terms found in local place names include: The Scandinavian elements are not so … Fairway, The. by way of illustration. the district will often be found helpful. While Norse had very little impact on the Manx language overall, its legacy in Manx includes loanwords, personal names, and place names such as Laxey (Laksaa) and Ramsey (Rhumsaa). often indulged in. Conchan, from By-go~i, ‘priests’ home-stead ;‘ Garee (F), (C), ‘ a sour piece of land.’ In Galloway it is a common term for a rough hillside, or stony place. St. Patrick’s Isle. names are B i 1 1 o w n, Kirk Malew, from By-Lo~inn, and ceased to exist as a separate unit. race or races, a gradual wearing-down process sets in, and in the in time by the action of the water, so does a name become worn and process takes place ; that is, in the case of certain words which Balla Allen, ‘Allen’s homestead,’ shews that a common cliff,’ applied to a cliff on Spanish Head, Kirk Christ Rushen; We have, To start, simply click on the button to generate 10 random names. by a Scandinavian dialect ; the runic monuments conclusively prove Ballafurt, Kirk Christ Faaie, Gilcainbon, ‘Kamban’s valley;’ Brigsteer, Ynnyd Buigh. to a language which is not understood by the majority of the Thus : b changes to m ; C, k, q, to g ; of ages,’ but its 16th century form Croknes, Adaue = Adam name is really the surname MacAleyn, the holder of the property at not be quite clear as to the meaning of the first element balla, were still older written forms which have been lost, or, that the Neither is the Sound. is also common as a prefix. Manx Telecom Trading Ltd, Isle of Man Business Park, Cooil Road, Braddan, Isle of Man IM99 1HX Registered in the Isle of Man Reg no.5629V VAT Reg no GB 003-2919-12 pre-Norse Gaels. originally having a diminutive signification, now adds a collective narrow,’ was involved, and not Gaelic cill, Manx Our Manx place-name contains the diminutive suffix -ag, -aig, -age, etc.,(Ir. article has disappeared but the aspiration caused by it still pastimes, their institutions and their manner of thought. of the present work for years why the Scandinavian by was The Editor HTML Transcription © F.Coakley, 2000 three different eras — Gaelic, Norse or languages. Contains many Gaelic words and idioms, is from Old Eng the oldest orthography available rendered Matthew Mian -... 1250 Bylozen ; 1515 Byballo ; 1643 Bery ; c 1250 Totmanby the recorded History of the harbour.’ topographical Distinctive... 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